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Elderberry Plant Elderberries

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Elderberry

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Elderberry Bush 

What Is an Elderberry Bush?

  It is a flowering, fruit-bearing tree from the Adoxaceae family that grows clusters of round, purplish-black berries. The shrub is a multi-stemmed deciduous shrub that is native to eastern North America. Known for its ornamental flowery leaves, these plants are becoming increasingly popular in the United States and Alaska and can often be seen near lakes, swamps, canals, trails, and roadsides but also are high a great addition to a wildlife garden.

 Sambucus canadensis. This plant is also known as Sambucus nigra subsp. It is of the Adoxaceae family or Caprofoliaceae, depending on the botanist. American elderberry shrubs are 10 to 15 feet tall and wide, growing into a rounded shape. Each Spring, the plant becomes covered with clusters of tiny white flowers that are followed by purplish-black fruit. The bark is smooth and light-colored with dark spots that are “bumpy” in appearance., These lenticels are pores that the plant uses to exchange gasses between the atmosphere and the plant’s internal tissues. 

 When planting, allow for cross-pollination by planting 3 feet apart in rows of about 13-16 ft. These plants grow well in full or partly sunny locations.

The elderberry can grow in any soil type, but you’ll yield the best results in slightly acidic soil that will stay consistently moist.

Providing the specified soil conditions, these plants can and do thrive when neglected; however, if the shrub is being grown for its fruit, your harvest can be maximized by following the proper guidelines. This plant grows well in sunny or partially shaded light conditions. 

If the roots of this shrub have a chance to anchor themselves, the plants can withstand periods of drought. Soil conditions for this shrub should be moist but not waterlogged. 

 This shrub has many stickers. These stickers can be beneficial if growing an inexpensive native garden. However, the stickers can become invasive in some areas. The elderberry has shallow roots; therefore, weeds can also be a problem. Weeds should be removed when seen, or you may use hay or bark chip mulch as natural weed control. 

Elderberries have been identified as one of the most versatile and productive plants in the garden world.

This plant is best known for the fruit it bears called elderberries. Garden centers and nurseries offer a variety of the elderberry. Among the most popular are:

 • Adams – One of the most common varieties grown in Northern America. The Adams Elderberry is known for its white flowers and large clusters of dark purple fruits and makes a beautiful yard accent. 

 • Blue – Native to the western United States, Mexico, and the West Coast, the fruits of this shrub are large, powdery-blue colored berries that are often mistaken at confused the blueberry. 

 • Black Beauty – This elderberry breed is a bit smaller than the others 

 • is a smaller elderberry breed. Like the others, it produces luscious fruits that have become popular in winemaking. 

 • York – The York plant has lacy dark leaves throughout the growing season, and when the flowers bloom, they are pink in color. This elderberry is reported to have the most abundant berries with the highest yield. 

 • European Red – An imported red that returns have unusual cherry-red fruits in the Fall months. They also have a light green and feathery foliage, making it a beautiful yard accent. Birds and butterflies love this one. 

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Description

Elderberry Bush 

What Is an Elderberry Bush?

  It is a flowering, fruit-bearing tree from the Adoxaceae family that grows clusters of round, purplish-black berries. The shrub is a multi-stemmed deciduous shrub that is native to eastern North America. Known for its ornamental flowery leaves, these plants are becoming increasingly popular in the United States and Alaska and can often be seen near lakes, swamps, canals, trails, and roadsides but also are high a great addition to a wildlife garden.

 Sambucus canadensis. This plant is also known as Sambucus nigra subsp. It is of the Adoxaceae family or Caprofoliaceae, depending on the botanist. American elderberry shrubs are 10 to 15 feet tall and wide, growing into a rounded shape. Each Spring, the plant becomes covered with clusters of tiny white flowers that are followed by purplish-black fruit. The bark is smooth and light-colored with dark spots that are “bumpy” in appearance., These lenticels are pores that the plant uses to exchange gasses between the atmosphere and the plant’s internal tissues. 

 When planting, allow for cross-pollination by planting 3 feet apart in rows of about 13-16 ft. These plants grow well in full or partly sunny locations.

The elderberry can grow in any soil type, but you’ll yield the best results in slightly acidic soil that will stay consistently moist.

Providing the specified soil conditions, these plants can and do thrive when neglected; however, if the shrub is being grown for its fruit, your harvest can be maximized by following the proper guidelines. This plant grows well in sunny or partially shaded light conditions. 

If the roots of this shrub have a chance to anchor themselves, the plants can withstand periods of drought. Soil conditions for this shrub should be moist but not waterlogged. 

 This shrub has many stickers. These stickers can be beneficial if growing an inexpensive native garden. However, the stickers can become invasive in some areas. The elderberry has shallow roots; therefore, weeds can also be a problem. Weeds should be removed when seen, or you may use hay or bark chip mulch as natural weed control. 

Elderberries have been identified as one of the most versatile and productive plants in the garden world.

This plant is best known for the fruit it bears called elderberries. Garden centers and nurseries offer a variety of the elderberry. Among the most popular are:

 • Adams – One of the most common varieties grown in Northern America. The Adams Elderberry is known for its white flowers and large clusters of dark purple fruits and makes a beautiful yard accent. 

 • Blue – Native to the western United States, Mexico, and the West Coast, the fruits of this shrub are large, powdery-blue colored berries that are often mistaken at confused the blueberry. 

 • Black Beauty – This elderberry breed is a bit smaller than the others 

 • is a smaller elderberry breed. Like the others, it produces luscious fruits that have become popular in winemaking. 

 • York – The York plant has lacy dark leaves throughout the growing season, and when the flowers bloom, they are pink in color. This elderberry is reported to have the most abundant berries with the highest yield. 

 • European Red – An imported red that returns have unusual cherry-red fruits in the Fall months. They also have a light green and feathery foliage, making it a beautiful yard accent. Birds and butterflies love this one. 

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