Black Cohosh - Actaea racemosa
The Black Cohosh is kin to the buttercup family. It looks very similar to the buttercup, but instead of a bright yellow bloom, it has a black, dark-colored flower. This plant has small leaves that a branch out. It is a small plant but can grow very tall up to eight feet. It is found primarily on the eastern half of the United States. This plant has been able to help in herbal remedies and help in ailments.
It has been planted for many years mixed with other perennials. The combination of heights looks excellent. This perennial is considered native and is very hardy. They can reseed themselves coming back year after year. As time goes by, the plant becomes thicker and denser creating a more uniform look. They also can help create new pollination that aids in healthier plants.
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The roots have been used for hundreds of years for medicinal purposes. The roots can be ground up or pureed creating a paste or powder. They can be used to help reduce hot flashes, muscle spasms, treatment of menstruation cramps and relief for arthritis or rheumatoid problems.
The perennial herb is well known for its lovely, subtle color but when mixed with other perennials can create a massive color or color that will pop!
The easiest way to plant this is by planting its rhizomes. You can acquire Black Cohosh rhizomes at plant nurseries or by digging up plants that exist in your yard already. Separate the rhizomes and make sure each one has a bud on it and then plant at 18-24 inch intervals. Cover each rhizome with two inches of soil. The root, in this case, a rhizome, will send out shoots and roots at different intervals and multiply without any further work. Seeds can also be started indoors or sown directly into the soil.
Black Cohosh plants ship bare root
Climate Zone: 5 to 9
Mature Height: 4 to 8 ft.
Sunlight: Prefers Partial to Full Shade.
Blooming Season: April through June.
Soil Conditions: Prefers Well-Drained Soils.
Botanical Name: Actaea racemosa